Space exploration

Astronomy, Space exploration, colonization & commercial use our solar system

In line with comments of the need for a international effort in space
exploration for scientific or commercial reasons, this section has been expanded.
Also, since space is becoming a commercial topic, some companies will be

These are the classic space agencies that we have historically known to be
the movers and shakers of the space industry and research

Here is a select group of companies and organizations involved in space
exploration, colonization and commercialization, I imagine there is a telephone
book worth of these industries located all across the world!!!

  • Alpha Engineering
    (Vacuum Chambers, Engineering & Design)–precision metallurgy possible
    with these chambers. On the moon, you get these for free, since 😉 , the
    Moon is situated in a vacuum of space.
  • ATLAS Aerospace : company was set up at the end of 1999 to perform the commercial training of “cosmonaut-researchers” and “space tourists – participants of a space flight” and to accomplish commercial space missions on board the Russian “Soyuz” space vehicles, as well as on the Russian segment of the International Space Station.
  • Odyssey Moon :
    has been formed to capitalize on commercial opportunities created by renewed
    interests in exploring the Moon. The Company is developing a
    commercial lunar robotic
    transportation service
    to meet the pent up and growing demand for low
    cost, frequent access to the Moon supporting science, exploration and
  • Orbital : small
    space and rocket systems. Also,

    is an important member of the Lockheed Martin-led team that is
    developing the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV),
    NASA’s next-generation spacecraft to
    transport crews to and from the International Space Station, the Moon and
  • SpaceX : aims to
    change this paradigm by developing a family of launch vehicles which will
    ultimately reduce the cost and increase the reliability of space access by a
    factor of ten. Coupled with the newly emerging market for private and
    commercial space transport, this new model will re-ignite humanity’s efforts
    to explore and develop Space.
  • Virgin Galactic
    space tourism
  • NSS or National Space
    : People living and working in thriving communities beyond the
    Earth, and the use of the vast resources of space for the dramatic
    betterment of humanity. Sample page from site on
    space based
    solar power
  • Space
    Services Inc.

    • is leading a team of established and entrepreneurial companies to
      investigate new commercial opportunities in space weather and remote
      telecommunications applications.
    • Celestis helps families honor the memory of loved ones through unique,
      post-cremation memorial spaceflights.
    • NOAA CONTRACT : possibly may use
      solar sail technology
      a new type
      of spacecraft propulsion that has yet to be actually used in space—to
      complete this contract mission.
  • Armadillo
    : rocket powered vehicles
  • Blue Origin:
    privately-funded aerospace company set up by founder Jeff Bezos.
    This company is famous for remaining tight lipped about it’s plans. This may
    be a business strategy that has been handy for search engines (whose
    exact algorithms used by the various engines are commercial secrets
    ) and
    is now extended to the space industry.
  • Bigelow
    : dedicated to developing next-generation crewed space
    complexes to revolutionize space commerce and open up the final frontier to
    all of humanity. At Bigelow Aerospace, we’re building the future today!
  • Space
    Law — via Wikipedia
    : required if companies are to operate in a
    commercial manner
  • International
    Astronautical Federation (IAF)
    : founded in 1951 with a core mission to
    address the growing need for international cooperation in the areas of space
    activities and knowledge.
  • 4Frontiers
    : strives to be at the forefront of these changes to capitalize on laws
    favorable to space commercialization. 4Frontiers enjoys the advantage of
    strategic relationships with several well known space attorneys.
  • Additional list of commercial companies: Members of

    Commercial Spaceflight Federation
    via Wikipedia and

    membership list via the Commercial Spaceflight Federation website
  • This is simply listed as

    space agencies
    and includes private companies via Wikipedia.
This site (
  ) NASA home page; as of Wednesday, 03
September 2008, contained some really interesting stuff about how
space exploration impacts your daily life. This wonderful part of
the NASA’s-web-site is now situated at
features two grassy Island like features drifting in outer space–you
click on them to find out more!!!
I particularly liked the picture of a plant in the living room. A former NASA engineer developed a biological filtering system that pretty much to you and me looks just like a plant in a pot.
There is lots of other cool stuff also about how space exploration impacts on your daily life including tooth paste, guitars and so on.
It is well worth a look at. I have often had people say to me “what is the use of space exploration?” I am glad that NASA has provided answers about this question in such a clear manner.

favorite links about astronomy


Explaining how Mercury time travels into the
future (resulting in Mercury being younger then Earth):

Cosmos – Speed of Light

Here is some examples of Star Ship Drives and their performances from a site dedicated to antimatter drives and a notable person in antimatter drives is Dr. Gerald A. Smithwho may have taken up the challenge to develop a privatized antimatter drive system!

Propulsion Type Specific Impulse [sec] Thrust-to-Weight Ratio
Chemical Bipropellant 200 – 410 .1 – 10
Electromagnetic 1200 – 5000 10-4 – 10-3
Nuclear Fission 500 – 3000 .01 – 10
Nuclear Fusion 10+4 – 10+5 10-5 – 10-2
Antimatter Annihilation 10+3 – 10+6 10-3 – 1


–I would like to thank
Laurel in part
for inspiring me to look into this interesting topic. We will know more
about Pluto in
2015 I hope. For those of you who don’t know, Pluto
was demoted to a Dwarf Planet in 2006.

I like to think Pluto
the dog is Pluto’s symbol (
), but
the astronomers seem to frown on this saying it’s a

Disney character
😦 and Pluto’s symbol is in fact the

Greek god of the underworld
. To me, demoting Pluto to a dwarf
planet is sort of forcing poor Pluto to live outside in the dog
house in the back yard–those mean people!

This is the official

Greek god of the underworld
that word Pluto refers to.
had named Mickey’s famed cohort (Pluto
the dog
) for the planet shortly after amateur astronomer
discovered it in 1930.

30 Responses to Space exploration

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    • gharrhome says:

      While I can see your comment is not about space exploration, I do understand some people find it hard to guess what using a new thing will be like.

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      The first thing to know about WordPress is where to find help and tutorials:

      Probably one of the most confusing things for a new person is how to handle the control panel (or dashboard as WordPress likes to call it). This section of the tutorial shows you the basics of the making a new post:

      Best of luck if you decide to get a WordPress account.

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