Shortened Link To This Page: A short history of Lebanon [article]: http://bit.ly/hwha1S
Lebanon is situated between several large countries: Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.
Countries bordering Lebanon are Israel, Jordan, and Syria and the nearby Island of Cyprus.
Before 1975 Lebanon was regarded highly by tourists: “Switzerland of the East, Paris of Middle East” and so on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon.
Lebanon—a powerful sea faring group of settlements—has found itself becoming part of several succeeding empires throughout history.
During WW1 there was much suffering in Lebanon, as starvation killed many. France took control of Lebanon from the Ottoman Empire (who ruled the region for 400 years).
After Frances take over in 1918: Lebanon gained independence after France was occupied by Germany in WW2.
France did not like losing control of Lebanon, but international pressure forced them to accept the independence of Lebanon!
Trapped between powerful countries and even distant powerful influences (such as that of France) Lebanon’s independence was one of stability & turmoil.
Lebanon now endured world politics & yet old problems of tensions between Christians and Muslims still caused tensions (ie push to join UAR): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Republic , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon_crisis_of_1958.
For whatever reasons, Lebanon “unofficially” supported the invasion (1948) into the newly created Israel. This created a long term tension b/t the two countries. Of course a lot was happening around 1948…
1948 is also happens to be the date the British decided to release control over Palestine ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestine )—and possibly fully released the so called nominally independent Transjordan/Jordan kingdom of any British influences: military presence , control of foreign affairs, and financial controls (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transjordan ). Such a release would have the effect of producing shift in powers between different countries in the region and how international influences occurred with such regions.
1948 also happens to be the date (as mentioned above) that Israel becomes a newly created country (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestine ) as a result of a UN vote (1947) and the subsequent civil war that results in the state of Israel declaring independence (1948).
Civil war broke out in Lebanon (1975-1990) and devastated the country.
Many in Lebanon found it impossible to understand how the 15 year Civil war (1975-1990) would benefit the country.
One direct comment I had from Lebanons 15 year Civil War (1975-1990) was “what’s the point of rebuilding when it gets destroyed and your notes get burned to provide heat?”
Lebanon’s 15 year Civil War (1975-1990) increased tensions with Israel as PLO used unrest to launch attacks.
Lebanon found itself in the international political spotlight & intrigue in 2005 when it’s leaders & officials were assassinated. The result was the withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon.
2011, Special Tribunal for Lebanon: to indict Hezbollah of assassination of former prime minister Rafic Hariri in 2005.
National Unitary Government collapses, 2011, but Hezbollah gains political popularity: http://bit.ly/hrA7Ud
The US government is worried by Hezbollah larger role in Lebanon government: http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArchiveDetails.aspx?ID=233644
It’s hard to say what the People of Lebanon want. Some however want to step away from the conflict and rebuild the country.
I hear the Lebanon people say “give us a chance,” but I’m uncertain if they address this 2 their own country or others outside the country.
As for myself, I hope the People of Lebanon can rebuild and that lecture notes are no longer burned to provide heat during the winter.
Lebanon & the world politics of today: Six years after Rafik Hariri’s death, Lebanon on verge of crisis: http://bit.ly/fdLCeI
This is what France, the former ruler of Lebanon, had to say: “Fillon: New Cabinet Should Respect Tribunal:” http://www.lebanonews.net/mainhl.asp?hlid=7134